RICHMOND RACECOURSE

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Earliest meeting: Tuesday 17th September 1669
Final meeting: Friday 7th August 1891
The first record of racing taking place in the Yorkshire town of Richmond was in 1669. The two-day meeting was held on Tuesday 17th and Wednesday 18th September 1669 when the Richmond £50 Plate and £20 Plate were contested. The meeting was extended to a five day affair the next year with similar Plates being contested from Monday 15th to Friday 19th September 1670. The London Gazette advertised the meeting in conjunction with a fair which took place on 13th September 1670. On 17th September 1670 the Plate of 50 Pounds was contested by the ‘best horses’, while on 19th September another Plate of above 20 Pounds was open to ‘lower prized horses.’ Baily’s Racing Register started providing detailed results from races held at Richmond in 1725 when they hosted His Majesty’s 100 Guineas (called the Hambleton 100 Guineas). It was won by Bald Peg, a son of Lister Turk, owned by Mr M Tims. The course was an oval course of a mile and a half in circumference, with a straight run in of 5 furlongs. The whole course was visible from a ‘substantial’ stone built grandstand. Many prominent racing stalwarts attended the races over more than two centuries, and once the Richmond Cup was introduced it was a highly sought after prize. On Tuesday 14th September 1762 the Cup was claimed by the Duke of Cleveland with Dainty Davey. At the September 1782 meeting the Town Purse was won by Sir R Winn’s Miracle, but what was a miracle was that it was allowed to start at 6/1 the next day when prevailing in the Richmond Cup. Meetings continued to be popular for a further century until the final two day meeting ran from Thursday 6th to Friday 7th August 1891 when the Sapling Stakes was won by Lord Hastings’ Circlet, the Handicap Plate by Mr T Lindsay’s Stalactite and the 5 furlong Wright Stakes by Lord Zetland’s Sea-View.

This racecourse is covered in Volume 1 of Racecourses Here Today and Gone Tomorrow. Ordering details shown below.
Local Patrons

Duke of Richmond (Lennox), Earl of Zetland, Duke of Leeds, Lord Sligo, Colonel Cradock, Sir R Winn, Colonel Radcliffe, Duke of Cleveland, Lord Rockingham, Captain Kirkpatrick, Colonel Thornton

Principal Races His Majesty's 100 Guineas, Gold Cup, Silver Cup, Richmond Handicap Stakes, Wright Stakes, Town Purse, Sapling Stakes

The inaugural running of the Gold Cup, worth £70 at the time (equivalent to £13,400 in 2018), was on Monday 10th September 1759 when a field of 7 faced the starter. Aged horses were set to carry 9st, while others were allocated 8st 7lbs. The full result is shown below:-
1. DAINTY DAVY, aged bay horse by Traveller owned by Duke of Cleveland, ridden by Thomas Jackson
2. CHARMER, 6 year old bay horse by Cade owned by Mr Wentworth, ridden by Charles Dawson
3. BRISK, 5 year old grey horse by Young Cade owned by Mr Buston
4. BRUTUS, aged bay horse by Norris Bolton owned by Mr Turner
5. OSMAR, aged bay horse by Snip owned by Lord Byron
6. YOUNG SEDBURY, chestnut gelding owned by Mr Weighill
7. MATILDA, 6 year old bay mare by Cade owned by Mr Fenwick
5/4 Dainty Davy, 4/1 Brutus, 7/1 Charmer
The Richmond Gold Cup was a two-handled cup and cover, silver gilt round the foot was a band of guilloche ornament with rosettes; the stem was enriched with a goats head, the bowl repousse with shell pattern, infant bacchanals, lion-masks, grapes and flowers, the handles ornamented with goats heads and scrolls, the cover with infant bacchanals and groups of fruit in alternate compartments and also surmounted by a group of fruit.

1760 Richmond Gold Cup won by Dainty Davy, bay horse by Traveller owned by Duke of Cleveland
The Richmond Gold Cup was a two-handled silver gilt cup and cover, round the base was a snail, an elf and a bunch of grapes, in repousse, within compartments; the bowl also repousse with scrolls and vines; on one side a horse and on the other a mare and foal. The handles formed of foxes and scrolls, the cover repousse with infant bacchanals, horses and grapes in compartments, and surmounted by a bunch of grapes. Inscribed with Richmond 1760, J Shuttleworth and C Turner, Stewards.

1761 Richmond Gold Cup won by Dainty Davy, bay horse by Traveller owned by Duke of Cleveland
1762 Richmond Gold Cup won by Dainty Davy, bay horse by Traveller owned by Duke of Cleveland
1763 Richmond Gold Cup won by Dainty Davy, bay horse by Traveller owned by Duke of Cleveland
1764 Richmond Gold Cup won by Silvio, brown horse by Cade owned by Mr Hutton
1765 Richmond Gold Cup won by Le Sang, bay horse by Changeling owned by Mr Fenwick
1766 Richmond Gold Cup won by Unnamed brown filly by Snap owned by Lord Rockingham
1767 Richmond Gold Cup won by Chatsworth, chestnut horse by Blank owned by Mr Wentworth

Tuesday 14th to Thursday 16th September 1762

Richmond Cup over 2 miles
1. Dainty Davey owned by the Duke of Cleveland
2. Silvio owned by Mr Hutton
3. Syren owned by Mr Dalston

1768 Richmond Gold Cup won by Navigator, roan horse by Adolphus owned by Mr Hutton
1769 Richmond Gold Cup won by Jack-O, bay horse by Godolphin Hunter owned by Lord Rockinham
1770 Richmond Gold Cup won by Denmark, bay horse by Regulus owned by Mr Bell
(The Gold Cup, a silver gilt cup crafted in 1770, had two handles, a cover and racehorses engraved on both, and was on display at Aske Hall)
1771 Richmond Gold Cup won by Shepherdess, chestnut mare by Shepherds Crab owned by Mr Cornforth
1772 Richmond Gold Cup won by Towzer, bay colt by Alcides owned by Mr Hartley
1773 Richmond Gold Cup won by Perdita, bay colt by King Herod owned by Sir John Lister Kaye
1774 Richmond Gold Cup won by Ancaster, bay colt by Black owned by Mr Wentworth
1775 Richmond Gold Cup won by Pilot, grey horse by Dainty Davy owned by Sir Harry Harpur
1776 Richmond Gold Cup won by Tuberose, grey filly by King Herod owned by Mr Stapleton
1777 Richmond Gold Cup won by Miss Nightingale, chestnut mare by Matchem owned by Mr Bethell
1778 Richmond Gold Cup won by Tuberose, grey mare by King Herod owned by Mr H Peirse
1779 Richmond Gold Cup won by Honest Robin, brown colt by Black Prince owned by Mr Bethell
1780 Richmond Gold Cup won by Duchess, bay mare by Le Sang owned by Mr Burden
1781 Richmond Gold Cup won by The Weazel, bay horse by Herod owned by Mr Garforth
1782 Richmond Gold Cup won by Miracle, brown horse by Le Sang owned by Sir R Winn
1783 Richmond Gold Cup won by Miracle, brown horse by Le Sang owned by Sir R Winn
1784 Richmond Gold Cup won by Phenomenon, chestnut colt by Herod owned by Sir John Lister Kaye
1785 Richmond Gold Cup won by Rosina, bay filly by Amaranthus owned by Mr H Peirse
1786 Richmond Gold Cup won by Pitch, bay horse by Shark owned by Mr Hutchinson
1787 Richmond Gold Cup won by Poor Soldier, chestnut colt by Eclipse owned by Mr Wentworth
1788 Richmond Gold Cup won by Poor Soldier, chestnut colt by Eclipse owned by Mr Wentworth
1789 Richmond Gold Cup won by Tot, black colt by Carbineer owned by HRH Prince of Wales
1790 Richmond Gold Cup won by Scorpion, bay horse by Ilmio owned by Lord Lauderdale
1791 Richmond Gold Cup won by Abba Thulle, brown horse by Young Marske owned by Mr Dodsworth
1792 Richmond Gold Cup won by Smoker, grey horse by Pilot owned by Sir John Leicester
1793 Richmond Gold Cup won by Abba Thulle, brown horse by Young Marske owned by Mr Clifton
1794 Richmond Gold Cup won by Constant, bay mare by Highflyer owned by Sir John Webb
1795 Richmond Gold Cup won by Eliza, bay filly by Highflyer owned by Mr Wilson
1796 Richmond Gold Cup won by Sober Robin, bay colt by Ruler owned by Mr Milbank
1797 Richmond Gold Cup won by Garswood, bay colt by King Fergus owned by Sir William Gerrard
1798 Richmond Gold Cup won by Lop-Catcher, bay filly by Young Marske owned by Sir Henry Tempest Vane
1799 Richmond Gold Cup won by Cockfighter, brown colt by Overton owned by Sir Henry Tempest Vane
1800 Richmond Gold Cup won by Unnamed bay colt by Walnut owned by Sir Henry Tempest Vane
1801 Richmond Gold Cup won by Agnonistes, bay colt by Sir Peter owned by Lord Darlington
1802 Richmond Gold Cup won by Asheton, bay colt by Beningbrough owned by Sir William Gerrard
1803 Richmond Gold Cup won by Saxoni, chestnut colt owned by Mr Hutton
1804 Richmond Gold Cup won by Firelock, bay colt by Beningbrough owned by Sir Hedworth Williamson
1805 Richmond Gold Cup won by Young Chariot, brown colt owned by Sir William Gerrard
1806 Richmond Gold Cup won by Streamer, bay colt by Star owned by Mr Baillie
1807 Richmond Gold Cup won by Julius Caesar, brown colt by Alexander owned by Sir William Gerrard
1808 Richmond Gold Cup won by Rosette, bay filly by Beningbrough owned by Mr H Peirse
1809 Richmond Gold Cup won by Cardinal York, bay horse by Sir Peter owned by Mr Ellerker
1810 Richmond Gold Cup won by Trophonious, bay colt by Beningbrough owned by Lord Darlinton
1811 Richmond Gold Cup won by Amadis de Gaul, bay colt by Hambletonian owned by Sir William Gerrard
1812 Richmond Gold Cup won by XYZ, bay colt by Haphazard owned by Mr Riddell
1813 Richmond Gold Cup won by XYZ, bay horse by Haphazard owned by Mr Riddell

1814 Richmond Gold Cup won by XYZ, bay horse by Haphazard owned by Mr Riddell
1815 Richmond Gold Cup won by Filo da Puta, bay colt by Haphazard owned by Mr Houldsworth
1816 Richmond Gold Cup won by Leopold, chestnut colt by Camillus owned by Mr Lambert
1817 Richmond Gold Cup won by The Duchess, bay filly by Cardinal York owned by Sir B R Graham
1818 Richmond Gold Cup won by Doctor Syntax, black horse by Selim owned by Mr Riddell
1819 Richmond Gold Cup won by Otho, bay colt by Sir Paul owned by Mr Garforth

Tuesday 3rd to Thursday 5th September 1782

Richmond Town Purse over 4 miles
1. Miracle owned by Sir R Winn
2. Contractor owned by Mr Addison
Contractor was the beaten 4 to 1 on favourite.

Richmond Cup over 4 miles
1. Miracle owned by Sir R Winn
2. Johnny Lad owned by Colonel Radcliffe
3. Amazon owned by Mr Wetherell
Miracle was the 6/1 third favourite despite winning the previous days feature race.

Shown below is a Subscribers token for Richmond Races owned by J Stapleton Esq.

Tuesday 5th October to Thursday 7th October 1824

Richmond 20 Guineas Sweepstake over a mile
1. Canteen owned by Lord Sligo
2. Mountaineer owned by Mr Fergusson
3. Unnamed colt by Blacklock owned by Colonel Cradock

Richmond Members Plate over 2 miles
1. Rhodocantha owned by the Duke of Leeds
2. Plumper owned by Mr Husband
3. Unnamed colt by Prime Minister owned by Colonel Cradock

Richmond Gold Cup over a mile and a furlong
1. Canteen owned by Lord Sligo
2. Carnival owned by Mr Lambton
3. Rhodocantha owned by the Duke of Leeds

Richmond Silver Cup over 2 miles
1. Mountaineer owned by Mr Ferguson
2. Bos owned by Mr Orde Powlett
3. Plumper owned by Mr Husband

James Whyte’s History of the British Turf notes that racing first took place at Richmond, some 44 miles from York, in 1762 and that 2 days of racing took place at the start of September The racecourse was on Whitcliffe Pasture, common meadow land owned by the town, which ‘affords and excellent course’. Whyte records the September 1839 races as:-
Borough Member’s Plate;
Earl of Zetland Dundas Stakes;
Richmond Gold Cup;

1820 Richmond Gold Cup won by Doctor Syntax, black horse by Selim owned by Mr Riddell
1821 Richmond Gold Cup won by Doctor Syntax, black horse by Selim owned by Mr Riddell
1822 Richmond Gold Cup won by Doctor Syntax, black horse by Selim owned by Mr Riddell
1823 Richmond Gold Cup won by Doctor Syntax, black horse by Selim owned by Mr Riddell
1824 Richmond Gold Cup won by Canteen, bay horse by Waxy Pope owned by Lord Sligo and ridden by T Lye
1825 Richmond Gold Cup won by Alderman, bay colt by Bourbon owned by Mr Russell and ridden by T Lye
1826 Richmond Gold Cup won by Bedlamite, chestnut colt by Wellbeck owned by Lord Kennedy
1827 Richmond Gold Cup won by Acteon, chestnut horse by Scud owned by Lord Kelburne
1828 Richmond Gold Cup won by Delphine, bay filly by Whisker owned by Mr Petre and ridden by J Holmes
1829 Richmond Gold Cup won by Medoro, brown horse by Cervantes owned by Lord Fitzwilliam and ridden by T Lye
1830 Richmond Gold Cup won by Medoro, brown horse by Cervantes owned by Lord Milton
1831 Richmond Gold Cup won by Lady Elizabeth, bay filly by Lottery owned by Mr F Richardson and ridden by Jem Robinson
1832 Richmond Gold Cup won by The Barber, chestnut horse by Figaro owned by Colonel Cradock and ridden by Jacques
1833 Richmond Gold Cup won by Charmer, bay filly by Lottery owned by Mr E Dodsworth
1834 Richmond Gold Cup won by Tomboy, bay horse by Jerry owned by Mr Orde Walked Over
1835 Richmond Gold Cup won by Burletta, chestnut mare by Actaeon owned by Honourable T Dundas and ridden by Barker
1836 Richmond Gold Cup won by Burletta, chestnut mare by Actaeon owned by Honourable T Dundas and ridden by Cartwright
1837 Richmond Gold Cup won by Bees-Wing, bay mare by Doctor Syntax owned by Mr G Stapleton Walked Over
1838 Richmond Gold Cup won by unnamed bay filly by Langar owned by Sir Charles Monck and ridden by G Francis
1839 Richmond Gold Cup won by Bees-Wing, bay mare by Doctor Syntax owned by Mr Orde Walked Over
1840 Richmond Gold Cup won by Smollet, chestnut gelding owned by Sir R L Dundas and ridden by Wetherell
1841 Richmond Gold Cup won by Bees-Wing, bay mare by Doctor Syntax owned by Mr Orde and ridden by W Oates
1842 Richmond Gold Cup won by Alice Hawthorn, bay filly by Muley Moloch owned by Honourable W Colborne and ridden by Heseltine
1843 Richmond Gold Cup won by Alice Hawthorn, bay mare by Muley Moloch owned by Mr Plummer and ridden by Bumby
1844 Richmond Gold Cup won by Alice Hawthorn, bay mare by Muley Moloch owned by Mr G Salvin and ridden by Templeman
1845 Richmond Gold Cup won by Trueboy owned by Mr Meiklam
1846 Richmond Gold Cup won by Cranebrook, chestnut colt owned by Mr Stewart
1847 Richmond Gold Cup won by Godfrey, brown horse owned by Mr Meiklam Walked Over
1848 Richmond Gold Cup won by Railway King owned by Mr W Morritt and ridden by Barwick
1849 Richmond Gold Cup won by Raby, bay colt by The Doctor owned by Mr Meiklam
1850 Richmond Gold Cup won by Cantab, bay colt by Tantivy owned by Lord Zetland and ridden by Hauxwell
1851 Richmond Gold Cup won by Calculator, bay colt owned by My Wyvill
1852 Richmond Gold Cup won by Randulphus, bay colt owned by Lord Zetland
1853 Richmond Gold Cup won by Grapeshot, bay horse by Buckshot owned by Mr Milner
1854 Richmond Gold Cup won by Grapeshot, bay horse by Buckshot owned by Mr Milner
1855 Richmond Gold Cup won by Elastic, black mare by The Ugly Buck owned by Mr Rich Walked Over
1856 Richmond Gold Cup won by Fandango, bay colt by Barnton owned by Lord Zetland Walked Over
1857 Richmond Gold Cup won by Breeze, bay mare by Storm owned by Mr West and ridden by Aldcroft
1858 Richmond Gold Cup won by Bourgeois owned by Mr Gill and ridden by Aldcroft

Thursday 6th and Friday 7th August 1891

The Sapling Stakes over 5 furlongs
1. Circlet owned by Lord Hastings
2. Syra owned by Major Stapylton
3. Queen Glencoe owned by Mr W l’Anson

The Richmond Handicap Plate over a mile and a half
1. Stalactite owned by Mr T Lindsay
2. Lady Killer owned by Mr P Buchanan
3. Folkingham owned by Marquis Talon

The Wright Stakes over 5 furlongs
1. Sea-View owned by Lord Zetland
2. Syra owned by Major Stapylton
3. Unnamed filly by St Simon owned by Mr R S Crompton

The final meeting at Richmond was a two day meeting on Thursday 6th and Friday 7th August 1891. Details of selected races are shown above.

Course today I am grateful to John Hodges for the following:- 
Richmond - the majority of the racecourse is still there, though sadly some of the grandstand (in the centre of the course) got demolished as recently as the 1960's. What remains is clearly visible just north of the town, on the other side of road from the golf club.  

The link below provides a wonderfully detailed description of the course and planes to transform it into a conservation area:-
https://www.richmondshire.gov.uk/media/4936/richmond-racecourse-conservation-area-study.pdf

If you have photos, postcards, racecards. badges, newspaper cuttings or book references about the old course, or can provide a photo of how the ground on which the old racecourse stood looks today, then email johnwslusar@gmail.com

Much of the information about this course has been found using internet research and is in the public domain. However, useful research sources have been:-

London Illustrated News

Racing Illustrated 1895-1899

The Sporting & Dramatic Illustrated

Northern Turf History Volumes 1-4 by J.Fairfax-Blakeborough

The Sporting Magazine

A Long Time Gone by Chris Pitt first published in 1996 ISBN 0 900599 89 8

Racing Calendars which were first published in 1727

ISBN 978-0-9957632-0-3

652 pages

774 former courses

ISBN 978-0-9957632-1-0

352 pages

400 former courses

ISBN 978-0-9957632-2-7

180 pages

140 former courses

ISBN 978-0-9957632-3-4

264 pages

235 former courses

Copies of the above books are only available by emailing johnwslusar@gmail.com stating your requirements, method of payment (cheque payable to W.Slusar) or Bank transfer, and the address where the book(s) should be sent.
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